Linked by Nathan Mace on Tue 19th Mar 2002 17:21 UTC
FreeBSD Most tech savvy geeks can work their way through a FreeBSD install, even if they have no prior UNIX experience. However installing an OS and configuring an OS are two totally different things. This article is targeted towards anyone who might be wondering about FreeBSD, but doesn't know what to do with it after they install it. This isn't then end-all be-all of FreeBSD howto's. Just some of the simple stuff. Update: Some of the readers of OSNews have emailed me concerning corrections that need to be made in this article. Dig in (third page) for more.
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FreeBSD updating
by JAVE on Wed 20th Mar 2002 09:08 UTC

First off, /stand/sysinstall works, although it's not pretty. I don't care for a flashy graphical install tool, and you /can/ use the cursor keys to select stuff, so it could be worse :-)

The way a system upgrade is explained is horribly complicated.
this works for me (and is how the handbook tells you to do it too):

cvsup -g L2 stable-supfile

cd /usr/src && make -j4 buildworld && make installworld
make buildkernel KERNCONF=<KERNALNAME>
shutdown now
cd /usr/src
make installkernel KERNCONF=<KERNELNAME>
mergemaster
reboot

As for checking ports:

portversion -l'<'
(add a -v if you want the version numbers)
and then portupgrade -r <basename> will suffice
(so just 'portupgrade vim' for vim.)

After the struggle I had with RPM based Linux distros, this is heaven.