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I don't know how latex is used in asia.
Hmmm, have a look at
Maybe LaTeX users could have a look at the TOC and give references of some english written equivalent...
for comprehensive lists.
Re. graphics placement (and other layout issues), my experience has always been that LaTeX is a lamb as long as you let it do its own thing. Trying to enforce your own ideas as to what goes where is to invite a world of pain.
This certainly can be true if you try to use the wrong tool for the job. LaTeX's float mechanism is designed for the automatic placement of figures, tables, etc. You can easily customize the policy that it uses but fine-grained control of individual figure placement is not its forte.
However, you can use the optional float.sty package, which has an option for "right here, right now, or else!" figure placement. Also, there are many packages which allow pixel-perfect absolute positioning of objects on the page.
You just have to read the FAQ. Yes, I know I'm starting to sound like a stuck record