Linked by Thom Holwerda on Thu 10th Nov 2016 23:13 UTC
Internet & Networking

With the US presidential elections right behind us, there's been a lot of talk about the role platforms like Facebook and Twitter have in our modern discourse. Last week, it was revealed that teens in Macedonia earns thousands of dollars each month by posting patently false stories about the elections on Facebook and getting them to go viral. With Facebook being a major source of news for a lot of people, such false stories can certainly impact people's voting behaviour.

In a statement to TechCrunch, Facebook responded to the criticism that the company isn't doing enough to stop this kind of thing. The statement in full reads:

We take misinformation on Facebook very seriously. We value authentic communication, and hear consistently from those who use Facebook that they prefer not to see misinformation. In Newsfeed we use various signals based on community feedback to determine which posts are likely to contain inaccurate information, and reduce their distribution. In Trending we look at a variety of signals to help make sure the topics being shown are reflective of real-world events, and take additional steps to prevent false or misleading content from appearing. Despite these efforts we understand there's so much more we need to do, and that is why it's important that we keep improving our ability to detect misinformation. We're committed to continuing to work on this issue and improve the experiences on our platform.

This is an incredibly complex issue.

First, Facebook is a private entity, and has no legal obligation to be the arbiter of truth, save for complying with court orders during, say, a defamation or libel lawsuit by a wronged party. If someone posts a false story that Clinton kicked a puppy or that Trump punched a kitten, but none of the parties involved take any steps, Facebook is under no obligation - other than perhaps one of morality - to remove or prevent such stories from being posted.

Second, what, exactly, is truth? While it's easy to say that "the earth is flat" is false and misinformation, how do you classify stories of rape and sexual assault allegations levelled at a president-elect - and everything in between? What if you shove your false stories in a book, build a fancy building, slap a tax exempt status on it, and call it a religion? There's countless "legitimate" ways in which people sell lies and nonsense to literally billions of people, and we deem that completely normal and acceptable. Where do you draw the line, and more importantly, who draws that line?

Third, how, exactly, do we propose handling these kinds of bans? Spreading news stories online is incredibly easy, and I doubt even Facebook itself could truly 'stop' a story from spreading on its platform. Is Facebook supposed to pass every post and comment through its own Department of Truth?

Fourth, isn't spreading information - even false information - a basic human need that you can't suppress? Each and every one of us spreads misinformation at one or more points in our lives - we gossip, we think we saw something, we misinterpreted someone's actions, you name it. Sure, platforms like Facebook can potentially amplify said misinformation uncontrollably, but do we really want to put a blanket moratorium on "misinformation", seeing as how difficult it it is to define the term?

We are only now coming to grips with the realities of social media elections, but as a politics nerd, I'd be remiss if I didn't raise my hand and reminded you of an eerily similar situation the US political world found itself in in the aftermath of the 26 September, 1960 debate between sitting vice president Nixon and a relatively unknown senator from Massachusetts, John F. Kennedy.

It was the first televised debate in US history. While people who listened to the debate on the radio declared Nixon the winner, people who watched the debate on television declared Kennedy the winner. While Nixon appeared sickly and sweaty, Kennedy looked fresh, calm, and confident. The visual impact was massive, and it changed the course of the elections. Televised debates are completely normal now, and every presidential candidate needs to be prepared for them - but up until 1960, it wasn't a factor at all.

Social media will be no different. Four years from now, when Tulsi Gabbard heads the Democratic ticket (you heard it here first - mark my words) versus incumbent Trump, both candidates will have a far better grasp on social media and how to use them than Clinton and Trump did this year.

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RE[3]: More important issues
by Athlander on Fri 11th Nov 2016 17:56 UTC in reply to "RE[2]: More important issues"
Athlander
Member since:
2008-03-10

I wasn't aware of the electoral college until now. I did some reading up on it and some alternatives that have been proposed, but am I right in thinking there is almost zero chance of the electoral college being replaced?

Reply Parent Score: 2

RE[4]: More important issues
by darknexus on Fri 11th Nov 2016 18:03 in reply to "RE[3]: More important issues"
darknexus Member since:
2008-07-15

am I right in thinking there is almost zero chance of the electoral college being replaced?

Seeing as how we've had it since the founding of the US itself, I'd say there's a pretty good chance you are absolutely right. Unfortunate, for the rest of the American people.

Reply Parent Score: 2

RE[4]: More important issues
by Alfman on Fri 11th Nov 2016 20:06 in reply to "RE[3]: More important issues"
Alfman Member since:
2011-01-28

Athlander,

I wasn't aware of the electoral college until now. I did some reading up on it and some alternatives that have been proposed, but am I right in thinking there is almost zero chance of the electoral college being replaced?


Well, there is a lot of support for fixing it at the grass roots level (even including Trump prior to this election). The issue is that the very parties that would need to vote to change it are the ones that benefited from it. A few individuals in congress may agree here and there, but for a majority to sign a change into law, possibly over a presidential veto, would be be possible, just extremely unlikely.


There are groups, like below, who actively fight voting reform to in order to keep incumbents in power.

http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2011/10/destroying-the-ele...

While I'm in complete disagreement with their motives, they are right about the political logistics of a change:
Changing or eliminating the Electoral College can be accomplished only by an amendment to the Constitution, which requires the consent of two-thirds of Congress and three-fourths of the states. From a political standpoint, there is almost no probability that such an amendment will be approved in the near future.



Hypothetically, if reform were on the table, I'd endorse two ideas:

1. Proportional representation based on share of votes, as they have in some countries. This means third parties could still have some representation in congress even though they haven't haven't won a majority. Those who do well by the electorate could get even more votes next time. Faced with viable competition, both republicans and democrats would be forced to do better or concede even more votes next time.



2. Rank-voting for presidential elections counteracts 3rd parties being deprived of votes simply because they're unlikely to win rather than because their constituents don't want them to win. Voting for 3rd parties when you know they can't win a majority is a loosing strategy in our current system. The result is inflated votes for the major parties even when they are disliked.

A rank-vote ballot could have both a first choice and second choice for president. This way a primary vote for a 3rd party wouldn't be wasted, and the ballot would switch over to the second choice. This means a vote more accurately represents what a voter wants, rather than a compromised choice between the parties already most likely to win.

Reply Parent Score: 2

RE[5]: More important issues
by unclefester on Sun 13th Nov 2016 06:25 in reply to "RE[4]: More important issues"
unclefester Member since:
2007-01-13

1. Proportional representation based on share of votes, as they have in some countries. This means third parties could still have some representation in congress even though they haven't haven't won a majority. Those who do well by the electorate could get even more votes next time. Faced with viable competition, both republicans and democrats would be forced to do better or concede even more votes next time.


You end up with crackpots. In the recent Australian election Malcolm Roberts was elected to the Senate with a mere 77 first preference votes.

Reply Parent Score: 2

RE[4]: More important issues
by joekiser on Sat 12th Nov 2016 14:20 in reply to "RE[3]: More important issues"
joekiser Member since:
2005-06-30

The Electoral College system was one of the compromises used to get States to ratify the US Constitution. It is part of the deal and it is not going away. A lot of reform of the EC system can be handled at the State level, as the US Constitution does not dictate how the States allocate their electors, or if they are even bound to their constituents.

The media likes to make the Presidential election seem like the most important one, because they are nationalized media and it is less homework and easier talking points to discuss. But the President is the only national figure on the ballot, and even then you are only nominating the electors. State and local level representation is still the most important element to our Republic. It was designed to be ground-up; national media takes a top-down view of government out of necessity.

There is also a lot of resistance at the State level to proportional representation of EC delegates, as it would make a "winner-take-all" swing state suddenly less appealing to cater to. Currently Maine and Nebraska allocate their delegates this way. If all 50 States allocated with proportional representation, the result might mirror the overall popular vote.

Reply Parent Score: 2