Apple felt threatened by the pending release of Windows 95. It had preemptive multitasking, and was heralded by many magazines as “easy to use as Mac”. Apple started he Copland project to respond. It was to have had live searches, full multitasking and all of Apple’s next generation technologies. The project was canned in 1996 at the behest of Gil Amelio, though many of its technologies were eventually included in the OS. Read about it at MLAgazine.