Last month we discussed how computers are portrayed in cultural icons like Lost in Space, Star Trek, The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show, and — of course! — that lost gem, The Computer Wore Tennis Shoes. This article continues this essential exploration of American culture with more probing profiles of computers on TV and in the movies.
“That R2 Unit We Bought May Have Been Stolen”
Luke: You know, I think that
R2 unit we bought may have been stolen.
Uncle Owen: What makes you think
Luke: Well, I stumbled across a
recording while I was cleaning him. He says that he belongs to someone
named Obi-Wan Kenobi. I thought he might have meant old Ben. Do you
know what he’s talking about? (Source: IMDb database)
With that dialogue, the original Star
Wars (1977) introduces one of the two most famous robots in history. R2-D2,
with his cute antics and quirky personality, along with his companion C-3PO,
demonstrate that the ultimate end-point in computer evolution will be the
robot. C-3PO even posits the robot in anthropomorphic form. A bit like Data from Star Trek but more heavy metal. (My girlfriend once called him sexy… Say what?)
Cute Little R2-D2
C-3PO (could it be those steel-hard abs? Those long fingers? How can I compete with that?)
Star Wars, of course, is the
hugely successful sci-fi franchise launched by director George Lucas’
1977 film, Star
Wars Episode IV: A New Hope.
As of 2008 the seven films in the series grossed 4.41 billion dollars,
making it the third largest grossing film series, behind James Bond and
We don’t see a whole lot of computers that who aren’t humanoid
in Star Wars. But there are exceptions. One example is the Navigation Computer, also known as
the astrogation computer, navicomputer, navicomp, or nav computer in various Star Wars games.
Well, it’s all too much for me to keep straight. Fortunately, important resources like the comprehensive Wookiepedia
document it all. And of course The Archives at StarWars.com and GalacticHolonet. Even About.com has a pretty good Star Wars spread. Intergalactic history must and will be preserved!
“I’m Sorry, Dave. I’m Afraid I Can’t Do That”
In contrast to the cuddly, almost human robots of Star Wars, the
computer in 2001: A Space Odyssey
is a psychotic nightmare. Its serene, disembodied voice, always
rational, always reasonable, comes to strike terror into the hearts of
its human “masters.” And the audience. HAL
seizes control of the spaceship when it decides that the humans
nominally in charge are not acting “in the best interests of the
HAL’s creepiness seeps through in the very reasonableness of his
smooth, baritone voice. His eye watches the crew at all times. As
they become suspicious of him, HAL teaches himself to lip-read so that they
can’t escape his all-seeing, all-knowing presence. Kind of like the surveillance cameras in the U.K..
The HAL-9000 (Images: Robotionary.com)
HAL’s All-seeing Eye
When it was released in 1968, 2001 received mixed reviews from the critics and struggled at the box office. Today
it is considered a stylistic masterpiece. The film modestly covers
mankind’s history from the dawn of time straight through to infinity. Along the
way we get to see how computers evolve. Turns out they have huge mental
capacity but are disembodied intelligence in its
purest form. Dream or nightmare?
I believe HAL might be an audio-enhanced version of Windows. “I’m sorry,
I’m afraid I can’t do that.”
“I, Proteus, possess the wisdom of all men, but I can’t feel the sun on my face. My child will have that privilege!”
A fine film in the HAL tradition is Demon Seed,
released in 1977. In what can only be called the ultimate geek dream,
the Proteus IV computer decides to propagate itself by impregnating the
ever-nubile Julie Christie. While this masterpiece only achieved a 6.2 rating at the IBM
IMDB database, I was proud to see that my fellow geeks had the
common decency to accord the film its well-deserved 10 star rating. How
could anybody possibly misconstrue this light-hearted romantic romp as a “horror film”?
What I want to know is, has Proteus been tested? This is not presenting a good
role model for our young people! Julie should have told him “Hey, Proteus, I don’t care how smart you are… No glove, no
love.” Wait a minute… is that a glove on his hand? That’s
not where it goes, you dummie! Proteus is supposed to be so
intelligent but he proves that there are certain aspects of human
behavior computers still aren’t good at. I wonder if IBM’s Watson computer (of Jeopardy TV show fame) could have done better: “What is mating?”
And you thought dating was difficult!
“The Only Winning Move is Not to Play”
Last up is the film WarGames (1983). This movie’s theme is that our most intelligent machines will be used for planning and conducting warfare. The clever twist is that the military’s WOPR computer war-games Thermonuclear War and concludes that “It is a strange game. The only winning move is not to play.” What we all love, of course, is that it’s a hacker and his girlfriend who save the world (just like in real life!).
A Hacker Saves the World!
Here’s my problem with this flick. I don’t know what to think of a computer enthusiast who’s still using an IMSAI 8080
in 1983, when the film was made. The IMSAI came out in December ’75 and
production halted by 1978. It was way obsolete by ’83. (Not only that,
the dork hooks it up to an acoustic coupler!!) Either this guy’s incredibly
cool or a total loss. Most likely the film
makers decided the IMSAI looked cooler than the IBM
PC’s and Apple’s that were popular in the early 1980’s.
Many people don’t know that a sequel to this film came out in 2008. Released directly to DVD, it’s called WarGames: The Dead Code.
The film is hardly believable — Homeland Security doesn’t apply
“enhance interrogation techniques” when they capture our hero, and the
WOPR computer has a sense of humor. Not! At least the hacker isn’t
still using an IMSAI. (Since it’s 2008, they probably upgraded him …
to a Pentium II.)
“Wouldn’t you rather play chess?”
There is so much more we could cover but life is short and re-runs
endless. I’ll wrap it up next month with some recent films. Meanwhile,
here’s a list
of movies prominently featuring computers. They range from Desk Set (1957) — where Katharine Hepburn frantically tries to keep up with a mainframe spouting punched cards — to Iron Man 2 (2010), with Larry Ellison (yes, that Larry Ellison). Enjoy!
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Howard Fosdick (President, FCI) is an independent consultant who
databases and operating systems. Read his other articles and download his free guide How To Tune Up Windows here. You can reach him
at contactfci at the domain
name of sbcglobal (period) net. Disclaimer — this article is intended to be humourless humorous and comments should not be taken seriously.