To do so, installing AROS on the hard drive is not needed. On the Icaros Desktop website there is an updated custom build which allows booting AROS from the CD-ROM drive, get debug logs, and send them to the AROS team. Both the .iso image and instructions about using it are available here. Results should be submitted to this AROS-EXEC discussion.
As most of you will know, AROS used to stand for the "Amiga Research Operating System", but in order to distance itself from all the legal nonsense around the Amiga, it renamed itself to the Aros Research Operating System. It is basically an open-source Amiga-like operating system for various platforms, including the x86. There's even a computer you can buy which comes with AROS pre-installed.