“Remember Steve Jobs’ “sand” concept for the creation of personal computers? About the time he lent his star power to the creation of the original Macintosh back in the early ’80s, Apple’s founder famously described his dream factory: an oceanfront site that would haul raw beach sand in one end, cook up its own silicon and deliver fully configured PCs out the other end. This vision of vertical integration and rugged self-sufficiency is a cornerstone of Apple’s culture that has informed the company’s every move during Jobs’ two tenures there. (It’s telling that the only time Apple ever seriously toyed with opening up its hardware and software specs – porting the Mac OS to Intel processors and allowing a short list of third-party vendors to create a tightly controlled roster of hardware “clones” – was during Jobs’ exile in the late ’80s and early ’90s.)” Read the rest of the editorial at ExtremeTech.